늦기 전에 꼭 지켜야할 10가지 뇌졸중 예방법

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뇌졸중 예방법

  1. 혈압 조절: 고혈압이 있을 경우, 뇌졸중 발병률은 50대에서 4배, 60대에서 3배, 70대에서 2배, 80대에서 1.4배로 증가 합니다. 평상 시 혈압을 자주 측정하고, 혈압을 정상 범위 내로 유지하도록 해야 합니다.
  2. 금연: 모든 뇌졸중 발생의 12~37%는 흡연의 영향 때문이며, 흡연자는 비흡연자와 비교하여 적어도 2배 이상 뇌졸중이 발생할 위험이 있습니다. 특히, 흡연 기간이 길고, 흡연량이 많을수록 그 위험은 커집니다.
  3. 혈당 조절: 당뇨병은 동맥경화의 원인이 되며, 따라서 뇌졸중의 중요한 위험인자가 됩니다. 당뇨병 환자는 정상인보다 2-3배 정도 뇌졸중에 잘 걸린다는 보고가 있습니다. 그렇기 때문에, 평상 시 혈당 조절을 철저히 해야 하며, 운동과 식사, 체중 조절에 각별히 신경써야 합니다.
  4. 채소와 과일 섭취: 하루 5번 이상의 과일 혹은 야채를 먹을 경우 뇌졸중 발생 위험을 줄여줄 수 있습니다.
  5. 운동: 운동은 혈압을 낮추고, 동맥경화 예방에 유용한 HDL 콜레스테롤을 증가시켜줍니다. 또한, 심장과 전반적인 혈관 건강에 좋으며, 체중과 혈당 조절, 스트레스 관리 등 모든 면에서 유익합니다.
  6. 적정 체중 유지: 고혈압, 당뇨 및 심혈관 질환과 마찬가지로, 과체중은 뇌졸중 위험성을 증가시킵니다. 비만이나 과체중일 경우, 체중을 줄이면 혈압을 낮추고, 혈관내 콜레스테롤을 개선시켜 줄 수 있습니다.
  7. 절주: 과음은 혈압을 높이고, 뇌경색과 뇌출혈 등 뇌졸중 위험을 증가시키므로 피해야 합니다.
  8. 수면 무호흡증 치료: 미국심장협회의 발표에 따르면, 수면 무호흡증은 뇌졸중을 발생시킬 위험을 4배 정도 높일 뿐만 아니라, 뇌졸중이 발생하면 뇌손상을 더욱 악화시키고 후속 뇌졸중의 위험을 증가시킵니다. 따라서, 수면 무호흡증이 있다면 반드시 치료하도록 합니다. (관련글: 삼성 서울 병원 – 질환백과 – 수면 무호흡증)
  9. 마약류 근절: 코카인을 포함한 각종 마약류는 여러면에서 우리 몸에 해롭지만, 뇌졸중 위험성도 증가시킵니다.
  10. 기타 질환 치료: 고지혈증, 경동맥 질환, 심방세동 등 부정맥, 말초 혈관 질환이 있을 경우 뇌졸중 발생 위험성이 증가합니다. 이들 질환이 있을 경우, 꼭 치료를 받도록 합니다.

관련글

금연 성공을 위해 꼭 지켜야할 4가지 금연 방법

뇌졸중 발생 위험 요소

다음과 같은 위험 요소는 조절할 수 있는 것은 아닙니다. 하지만, 아래와 같은 위험 요소가 있다면, 뇌졸중 발생 가능성이 상대적으로 높기 때문에, 평상 시 건강 관리와 뇌졸중 예방에 더욱 신경써야 할 것입니다.

  • 고령: 65세 이상 고령에서 뇌졸중 발병 위험성이 높습니다.
  • 여성: 남성보다 여성에서 뇌졸중 발병 가능성이 상대적으로 조금 더 높습니다.
  • 가족력: 부모, 조부모, 형제 자매 중 65세 이전에 뇌졸중이 발생한 적이 있다면, 뇌졸중 발생 가능성이 높습니다.
  • 뇌졸중 과거력: 이전에 뇌졸중이나 허혈성 뇌졸중, 심근경색 등이 있었다면, 뇌졸중 발생 가능성이 더 높습니다.
  • 기타: 알콜 중독, 수면 장애 등이 있을 경우 뇌졸중 위험성이 상대적으로 높습니다.
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